Mastic consist of volatile and aromatic ingredients that make up the essential oil (mastic). The exact composition
of Chios mastic is not yet fully known. What we know is that mastic is rich in:
1. Terpenes (especially ursolic and oleanolic acid). These substances are responsible for antimicrobial, antiviral
antitumor, hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiulcer and antihyperlipidemic activity of mastic.
2. Polyphenols, known potent antioxidant compounds that protect cells and tissues of the body from free radicals,
which are the cause illnesses such as heart disease, and aging skin.